Benefits of substrate farming like better yields with less labor, pesticides, water, and fertilizer are just a few of the reasons growers today are considering substrate farming. As the AgTech world considers additional ways to grow more food with fewer inputs substrate farming has moved up on the list. Especially for soft fruit producers and backyard growers the way forward is growing in a substrate.
What Is A Substrate?
A substrate is a surface on which an organism is attached or grows. Soil is the universal substrate for growing plants, but the majority of substrate growers look to develop a better medium specific to their plants. Popular substrates growers are using today include sphagnum peat moss, bark, coir, perlite, and vermiculite. When you grow in soil, you don’t know what you are getting with your soil. You run the risk of unwanted materials (bacteria, insects, weeds, disease spores) in your growing medium. Using a substrate like peat moss, which is sterilized after harvest eliminates the risk. Also, using a soilless mix gives growers more control over essential elements like drainage, airspace, and soil pH.
Benefits of Substrate Farming: Better Yields
Plants grown in a substrate system tend to produce in a much higher density resulting in higher yields. There is less loss to disease, and the grower’s management decisions can make a difference in a much faster time frame.
Benefits of Substrate Farming: Less Labor
Some examples in reducing labor cost for substrate farming can be quickly seen in strawberries and blueberries. Harvesting strawberries is backbreaking labor-intensive work. Many strawberry growers elevate their crops making harvest less labor intensive. Harvesting blueberries can sometimes feel more like a hunt than a harvest. Substrate blueberry growers can space their plants better making the harvest easier and quicker. Labor is a problem facing all growers today, and many feel substrate growing will help make mechanical harvest a reality for more growers.
Benefits of Substrate Farming: Water Savings
Drip irrigation is often used in substrate growing. Proper irrigation setup provides active water management and the ability to capture the runoff water, measure it, and reuse it. Growers get better water management while experiencing less cost for fertilizer too.
Increased management is needed to produce the crop yields we need for the future. Substrate farming in a controlled environment provides growers with a better opportunity to manage many aspects of their plants. For all of you looking to improve sustainability, and continually improve your growing practices while supplying the world’s best food supply substrate farming might be a great option for you.
Increased management is needed to produce the crop yields we need for the future.
Working on a project to convert my matted row strawberries into an on-ground substrate system. Trying to find out 2 main things that would influence the economic viability. 1. growing short season varieties and, can get crop planting year especially with tray plants and a crop following season, want to know about another crop in year 3. 2. When you re-plant do you need to replace all of the substrate or just top off?
I found it helpful when you said that farmers will have more control over essential elements like drainage and airspace when they use a soilless mix. This reminds me of my uncle who is planning to have a drainage system installed in his newly acquired farm two weeks from now. I will be sure to share your tips with him before he hires a farm tiling service provider. https://plumbingandelectricservice.com/farm-tiling